The highest figure of all exports on record
In 2016, Catalan exports grew 2.0% over 2015, reaching €65,141.9M, the sixth consecutive year showing record highs. This is a growth rate higher than the Euro area (0.7%), Spain (1.7%), Germany (1.2%) and Italy (1.1%), and contrasts with falls in France (-0.9%), the UK (-0.2%), the US (-3.2%), China (-6.4%) and Japan (-7 4%).
Catalonia leads Spain’s exports, with 25.6% of the total, well above the region of Valencia coming second (11.3%), and the region of Madrid (11.1%) in third place. Catalonia accounts for 30.4% of the total Spanish state’s export growth.
In 2016, a total of 48,035 Catalan companies exported, 1.3% more than in 2015. 16,929 are regular exporters (companies that have exported over the past four years in a row), 3.2 % more than in 2015, reaching a new record high for the fourth consecutive year.
Of the 16,929 regular Catalan exporters, 1,450 (an 8.6% of the total) exported to a value of over €5M, accounting for 87.6% of the exports of the total regular exporting companies in 2016.
The automotive sector (17.9% of the total) and the chemical industry (16.4%) were Catalonia’s main export sectors in 2016, followed by the food industry (12.3%). Along with pharmaceuticals (7.4%), textiles and clothing (7.1%) and machinery (6.3%), six sectors account for two-thirds of Catalan exports. Exports of high-technology products grew 8.9% in 2016, well above the growth in exports in the rest of all technology levels. Catalan exports are concentrated at a medium-high technology level, representing almost half (49.6%) of industrial exports in 2016.
The EU accounted for 65.8% of Catalan exports in 2016, 7 percentage points more than in 2015. It is followed by the rest of Europe (7.4%) and Asia (6.5%), which moves to third place in terms of exported volume, ahead of Latin America (5.9%). France accounts for 16.1% of Catalan exports. Germany (11.9%), along with Italy (9.1%), Portugal (6.7%) and the UK (6.0%) represent nearly half (49.7%) of Catalan exports in 2016.
Catalan exports to the EU increased 3.3% in 2016. What stands out is the growth in France (6.9%), Italy (5.7%), Belgium (22.5%) and Germany (2.1%) respectively, the main contributors to the increase in Catalan exports for 2016.
Catalan companies abroad
A global map of Catalan companies abroad includes more than 9,200 affiliates of 3,145 Catalan companies in 137 different countries. Europe accounts for 41.7% of all affiliates. The main countries were Catalan companies are settled are: Portugal (959), France (696), USA (757), Mexico (565) and Italy (500), followed by Brazil (433), UK (424), Germany (387), Chile (378) and Argentina (283).